First Converts: Rich Pagan Women and the Rhetoric of Mission in Early Judaism and Christianity Shelly Matthews

ISBN: 9780804735926

Published: October 1st 2002

Hardcover

184 pages


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First Converts: Rich Pagan Women and the Rhetoric of Mission in Early Judaism and Christianity  by  Shelly Matthews

First Converts: Rich Pagan Women and the Rhetoric of Mission in Early Judaism and Christianity by Shelly Matthews
October 1st 2002 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 184 pages | ISBN: 9780804735926 | 4.62 Mb

It has often been said that rich pagan women, much more so than men, were attracted both to early Judaism and Christianity. This book provides a new reading of sources from which this truism springs, focusing on two texts from the turn of the firstMoreIt has often been said that rich pagan women, much more so than men, were attracted both to early Judaism and Christianity. This book provides a new reading of sources from which this truism springs, focusing on two texts from the turn of the first century, Josephuss Antiquities and Lukes Acts.The book studies representation, analyzing the repeated portrayal of rich women as aiding and/or converting to early Judaism in its various forms.

It also shows how these sources can be used in reconstructing womens history, thus engaging current feminist debates about the relationship of rhetorical presentation of women in texts to historical reality.Because many of these texts speak of high-standing womens conversion to Judaism and early Christianity, this book also engages in the current debate about whether early Judaism was a missionary religion.

The author argues that focusing on these stories of women converts and adherents, which have been largely ignored in previous discussions of the missionary question, sets the missionary question in a new, more adequate framework.The first chapter elucidates a story in Josephuss Antiquities of the mishaps of two Roman matrons devoted to Isis and Jewish cults by considering the common Hellenistic topos linking high-standing women, promiscuity, and religious impropriety.

The remaining chapters demonstrate that in spite of this topos, Josephus, Luke, and other religious apologists did tell stories of rich womens associations with their communities for positive rhetorical effect. In so doing, the book challenges the widespread assumption that womens association with foreign religious cults was always derided, questions scholarly arguments about public and private roles in antiquity, and invites reflection on issues of mission and conversion within the larger framework of Greco-Roman benefaction.



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